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Heuristic approaches to thinking about thinking involve employing rules of thumb to arrive at conclusions. These starting points are the inductive process, but the deduction is also involved in reasoning on a topic.
Dewey called this the “double movement of reflection.” If Dewey is correct, what are the difficulties in isolating either induction or deduction within scientific reasoning? What are the benefits of such isolation? What are some alternatives that we have not yet explored?
A good hypothesis starts with a clear research question. What is the role of abduction in arriving at clear research questions? Are there any inherent dangers in using this approach, strategic guessing, to explore research questions for inquiry? What are the main assumptions behind abductive reasoning?
Topic: Scientific Reasoning, Reflecting on Heuristics and Developing Hypotheses
10 Strategic Points Quantitative Study Extraction #3
Due Date: Aug 28, 2017 Details:
In the prospectus, proposal, and dissertation there are 10 strategic points that need to be clear, simple, correct, and aligned to ensure the research is doable, valuable, and credible. These points, which provide a guide for our vision for the research, are present in almost any research study. The ability to identify these points is one of the first skills required in the creation of a viable doctoral dissertation. In this assignment, you will identify and evaluate 10 strategic points in a published quantitative research study.
Use the following information to ensure successful completion of the assignment:
Using the “Modified 10 Points Template,” identify each of the 10 strategic points in this quantitative research study.
Complete the “Evaluation” section of the template by addressing the following questions (250-500 words) with regard to the 10 strategic points in the study:
1. From Ugly Duckling to Swan: C. S. Peirce, Abduction, and the Pursuit of Scientific Theories
McKaughan, D. J. (2008). From ugly duckling to the swan: C. S. Peirce, abduction, and the pursuit of scientific theories. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society, 44(3), 446-468.
2. Structural and Psychological Empowerment Climates, Performance, and the Moderating Role of Shared Felt Accountability: A Managerial Perspective
Wallace, J. C., Johnson, P. D., Mathe, K., & Paul, J. (2011). Structural and psychological empowerment climates, performance, and the moderating role of shared felt accountability: A managerial perspective. Journal of Applied Psychology, 96(4), 840-850. DOI:10.1037/a0022227
3. Systematic Inference: Induction and Deduction
Dewey, J. (1910). Systematic inference: Induction and deduction. How we think (pp. 79-100). Lexington, MA: DC Heath. DOI:10.1037/10903-007
4. Testing the Null Hypothesis: The Forgotten Legacy of Karl Popper?
Wilkinson, M. (2013). Testing the null hypothesis: The forgotten legacy of Karl Popper? Journal of Sports Sciences, 31(9), 919-920.
5. The Meaning of Ecologically Oriented Inquiry in Contemporary Psychology
Gibbs, J. C. (1979). The meaning of ecologically oriented inquiry in contemporary psychology. American Psychologist, 34(2), 127-140. DOI:10.1037/0003-066X.34.2.127